Water is at the core of sustainable development and is critical for socio-economic development of countries around the globe. It is vital for improving the health, welfare, and productivity of populations. Water is also fundamental to the production and preservation of a range of benefits and services for people, and is at the heart of adaptation and mitigation regarding climate change.
According to the report published by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization - UNESCO, two billion people (26% of the global population) do not have access to safe drinking water and about 46% (equivalent to 3.6 billion people) of the planet's inhabitants do not have safe sanitation services. The survey also warns that the global urban population facing water scarcity is projected to double from 930 million in 2016 to 1.7–2.4 billion people in 2050.
Despite the fact that Brazil holds 12% of the world's freshwater, the country faces challenges regarding the availability of this resource. An example of this is the geographical and population discrepancy. While the Amazon hydrographic region holds 74% of water availability, it is inhabited by only 5% of Brazilians. In addition, factors such as water waste, drought in some Brazilian regions, and inadequate soil use, contribute to the country's water crisis.
The increase of waste disposal and sewage into rivers, lakes, and oceans, natural disasters, and the climate crisis we are facing affects people, economies, and ecosystems that depend on water use. Moreover, water insecurity is exacerbated by population growth, economic growth, urbanization, and climate change.
To achieve climate justice, water must be part of the climate agenda in order to guarantee that the population has the necessary access to resources, and at the same time safeguard the environment.
With the theme "Water in focus: How to reflect on sustainable solutions", Climate Hub | Rio, in partnership with the Rio de Janeiro City Hall, intends to gather together public managers, researchers, technicians, and students who have an interest in the theme to promote one of its first public events since its launch, putting the issue of water as the focal point of this discussion.
Simultaneous translation (English - Portuguese) will be available. Register here.